Intelligent nanoparticle-based dressings for bacterial wound infections
Reference: ACS Applied Bio Materials (2021) 4: 3849-3862.

Conventional wound dressing materials containing free antibiotics for bacterial wound infections are presented with several limitations, that is, lack of controlled and triggered release capabilities, and may often not be adequate to address the complex bacteria microenvironment of such infections. Additionally, the improper usage of antibiotics may also result in the emergence of drug resistant strains. While delivery systems (i.e., nanoparticles) that encapsulate antibiotics may potentially overcome some of these limitations, their therapeutic outcomes are still less than desirable. For example, premature drug release or unintended drug activation may occur, which would greatly reduce treatment efficacy. To address this, responsive nanoparticle-based antimicrobial therapies could be a promising strategy. Such nanoparticles can be functionalised to react to a single stimulus or multi stimulus within the bacteria microenvironment and subsequently elicit a therapeutic response. Such “intelligent” nanoparticles can be designed to respond to the microenvironment, that is, an acidic pH, the presence of specific enzymes, bacterial toxins, etc., or to an external stimulus, for example, light, thermal, etc. These responsive nanoparticles can be further incorporated into wound dressings to better promote wound healing. This review summarises and highlights the recent progress on such intelligent nanoparticle-based dressings as potential wound dressings for bacteria-infected wounds, along with the current challenges and prospects for these technologies to be successfully translated into the clinic.

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Published By
Jiang L., Loo J. S. C.