A stable synergistic microbial consortium for simultaneous azo dye removal and bioelectricity generation
Reference: Bioresource Technology (2014) 155(0): 71-76

Microbial species coexist in natural or engineered settings, where they encounter extensive competition and cooperation. Interactions occurring through metabolite exchange or direct contact might be important in establishment of functional biodegradation consortium. Understanding these interactions can facilitate manipulation of selected communities and exploitation of their capacity for specific industrial applications. Here, a simple dual-species consortium (Pseudomonas putida and Shewanella oneidensis) was established for examining simultaneous Congo red bioremediation in planktonic culture and power generation in anode biofilms. Compared to mono-species cultures, co-cultures generated higher current densities and could concurrently degrade Congo red over 72 h. Disabling the large secreted adhesion protein, LapA, of P. putida greatly enhanced S. oneidensis biofilm formation on the anode, which increased power generation in co-cultures. This demonstrates simultaneous control of specific planktonic and biofilm communities could be effective in manipulating microbial communities for targeted applications.

Wang V. B., Chua S.-L., Cai Z., Sivakumar K., Zhang Q., Kjelleberg S., Cao¬†B., Loo S. C. J. and Yang L.